Remember the definition of “information”, “data”. What are the areas of use of computers.
Today it is difficult to imagine working with large amounts of data without a computer. His invention in a few decades changed the life of mankind, defined new ways of working in all spheres of industrial and social life. All this contributed to the emergence of a new scientific direction — computer science.
Informatics as a science was formed only in the second half of the twentieth century, and has become a necessary component of the education of modern man. Now there are many definitions of computer science, due to the diversity of its functions, forms and methods. In a broad sense, computer science is a combination of different branches of science, technology and production.
As a fundamental science, Informatics studies the structure and General properties of information, methods and means of information processes. It covers many scientific areas.
As an applied discipline Informatics studies regularities in the processes of accumulation, processing and dissemination of information, simulates objects (processes and phenomena) in various fields of human activity, solves scientific problems of creation and implementation of computer tools.
As a branch of human activity, computer science is associated with the processing of information using a computer in various fields of its application (Fig. 1).
The main function of computer science is to develop methods and means of data processing and their use in various fields of human activity.
The main tasks of computer science is aimed at:
- research of information processes;
- development of computer equipment and creation of the latest data processing technologies;
- solving scientific and engineering problems on the effective use of hardware and software in all areas of human activity.
Modern understanding of Informatics is closely related to the concept of information technology (it), as well as Informatization. Computer science is the theoretical basis for the development and formation of it